Novella: The Alienist by Machado de Assis
In a mere 84 pages, this guy immediately became one of my favorite writers. I can't believe he was writing in the late 1800s. His style is incredibly modern. The little book was part Confederacy of Dunces, part Bolano (Bolano wishes he could write like this guy), part Woody Allen. Hilarity. I loved it.
This is the series of novellas recently republished -- all by terrific writers. Great little project.